Entangled Bibliography

Part I. Shifting Baselines

Chapter 1: Arriving
Jackson, Jeremy B.C., Karen E. Alexander, and Enric Sala, eds. Shifting Baselines: The Past and Future of Ocean Fisheries. Washington DC:  Island Press, 2011.

Jackson, Jeremy B.C., Michael X. Kirby, Wolfgang H. Berger, Karen A. Bjorndal, Louis W. Botsford, and Bruce J. Bourque. “Historical Overfishing and the Recent Collapse of Coastal Ecosystems.” Science 293.5530(2001): 629-638. DOI: 10.1126/science.1059199.

Klein, Janet. Kachemak Bay Communities: Their Histories, Their Mysteries. Homer:  Kachemak Country Publications, 2008.

Pauly, Daniel. “Anecdotes and the Shifting Baseline Syndrome in Fisheries Management.” Trends in Ecology and Evolution 10.10(1995): 430.

Chapter 2: The Bidarki Story
Chuda’s Kitchen. Website. http://www.oocities.org/heartland/hills/4414/recipe.htm

Meganak, Chief Walter. Speech written for the Oiled Mayor Conference, June, 1989, Valdez, AK. Delivered by Eleanor McMullen. Web. Project Jukebox. https://jukebox.uaf.edu/site7/speech-written-chief-walter-meganack.

Mills, L. Scott, Michael E. Soule, and Daniel F. Doak. “The Keystone-Species Concept in Ecology and Conservation.” BioScience  43.4(1993): 219-224.

Paine, rt T. “Food Web Complexity and Species Diversity.” American Naturalist 100.910(1966):  65-75.

—. “Food-web Analysis through Field Measurement of Per Capita Interaction Strength.” Nature 355(1992): 73-75.

Salomon, Anne K. “Investigating the Relative Roles of Natural Factors and Shoreline Harvest in Altering the Community Structure, Dynamics and Diversity of the Kenai Peninsula’s Rocky Intertidal.” Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Gulf Ecosystem Monitoring and Research Project Final Report (GEM Project 030647). Anchorage: EVOS Trustee Council, 2006.

—., Nick M. Tanape, Sr., and Henry H. Huntington. “Serial Depletion of Marine Invertebrates Leads to the Decline of a Strongly-interacting Grazer.” Ecological Applications 17(2007): 1752-1770.

—. Imam Ciciumca: Our Changing Sea. Fairbanks: Alaska Sea Grant Program, University of Alaska Press, 2011.

Stanek, Ronald T. “Patterns of Wild Resource Use in English Bay and Port Graham, Alaska.” Technical Paper No. 32. Juneau: Alaska Department of Fish and Game, 1982.

—. “Ethnographic Overview and Assesment for Nanwalek and Port Graham.” Anchorage: Alaska Department of Fish and Game, Division of Subsistence, 1999.

—.  “Sugpiat of the Lower Kenai Peninsula Coast.” Alaska Park Science3.2(1998): 17 -21.

Part II. Artifacts

Chapter 3: Sniffing Down the Scent of the Past
Boraas, Alan. “One Hundred Centuries of Native Life on the Kenai Peninsula.” In Lois H. Allen, comp. Alaska’s Kenai Peninsula: The Road We’ve Traveled. Pages 5-18. Hope:  Alaska Historical Society, 2002.

—. and Donita Peter. “The Role of Beggesh and Beggesha in Precontact Dena’ina Culture.” Alaska Journal of Anthropology 6.1 and 2(2008): 211-224.

—. “The True Believer Among the Kenai Peninsula Dena’ina.” In Davis, Nancy Yaw and William E. Davis, eds. Adventures Through Time: Readings in the Anthropology of Cook Inlet, Alaska. Pages 183-196. Anchorage:  Cook Inlet Historical Society, 1996.

—. “Dena’ina Origins and Prehistory.” In Karen K. Gaul, comp. Nanutset ch’u Q’udi Gu: Before Our Time and Now: An Ethnohistory of Lake Clark National Park. Anchorage:  USDI National Park Service, Lake Clark National Park and Preserve, 2007.

Jones, Suzi, James A. Fall, and Aaron Leggett, eds. Dena’ina Huch’ulyesh: the Dena’ina Way of Living. Fairbanks: University of Alaska Press, 2013.

Jacobsen, Johan Adrian. Alaska Voyage 1881-1883: Expedition to the Northwest Coast of America. Trans. Erna Gunther. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1977.

Kalifornsky, Peter. A Dena’ina Legacy K’tl’egh’I Sukdu:  the Collected writings of Peter Kalifornsky.

|Kari, James, and Alan Boraas, eds. Fairbanks: Alaska Native Language Center, 1991.

—. “K’ela Sukdu: The Mouse Story.” In Kari, James, and Alan Boraas, eds. A Dena’ina Legacy K’tl’egh’I Sukdu:  the Collected Writings of Peter Kalifornsky. Pages 154-159. Fairbanks: Alaska Native Language Center, 1991.

—. and James Kari, comp. “Dena’ina Place Names on the Kenai Peninsula.” In Kari, James, and Alan Boraas, eds. A Dena’ina Legacy K’tl’egh’I Sukdu:  The Collected Writings of Peter Kalifornsky. Pages 338-353. Fairbanks: Alaska Native Language Center, 1991.

Kari, James. Dena’ina Topical Dictionary. Fairbanks: Alaska Native Language Center, 2007.

Klein, Janet R. Archaeology of Kachemak Bay, Alaska. Homer: Kachemak Country Publications, 2002.

Osgood, Cornelius. The Ethnography of the Tanaina. Reprinted from 1933 edition. New Haven: Yale University, 1976.

Sapir, B. n.d.  Sapir letter to Kroeber. Rpt. in “Edward Sapir and Athabaskan Linguistics, with Preliminary Annotated Bibliography of Sapir’s Work on Athabaskan and Na-Dene.” In Krauss, M.E. New Perspectives in Language, Culture, and Personality. Page 57. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 1985.

Townsend, Joan B. 1979. “Indian or Eskimo? Interaction and Identity in Southern Alaska.” Arctic Anthropology Xvi.2(1979): 160-182.

Chapter 4: In the Spirit of the Lamp
Begét, James E., C. Gardner, and K. Davis. “Volcanic Tsunamis and Prehistoric Cultural Transitions in Cook Inlet, Alaska.” Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 176(2008): 377-386.

Carroll, Michael and Raymond C. Highsmith. “Role of Catastrophic Disturbance in Mediating Nucella-Mytilus Interactions in the Alaskan Rocky Intertidal.” Marine Ecology Progress Series 138(1996): 125-133.

Crowell, Aron L., Amy F. Steffian, and Gordon L. Pullar, eds. Looking Both Ways: Heritage and Identity of the Alutiiq People. Fairbanks: University of Alaska Press, 2001.

De Laguna, Frederica. The Archaeology of Cook Inlet. 2nd Edition. Anchorage: The Alaska Historical Society, 1975.

—. “Cook Inlet Adventures and Afterthoughts: Alaska 1930.” In Nancy Yaw Davis and William E. Davis, eds. Adventures Through Time: Readings in the Anthropology of Cook Inlet, Alaska. Pages 67-88. Anchorage:  Cook Inlet Historical Society, 1991.

Dixon, E. James. Arrows and Atl Atls: A Guide to the Archaeology of Beringia. Washington DC: GPO, 2013.

Drabek, Alisha S. Liitutkut Sugpiat’stun We are Learning How to be Real People: Exploring Kodiak Alutiiq Literature through Core Values. PhD Diss. Fairbanks: University of Alaska Fairbanks, 2012.

Erlandson, Jon M., Michael H. Graham, Bruce J. Bourque, Debra Corbett, James A. Estes, and Robert S. Steneck. “The Kelp Highway Hypothesis: Marine Ecology, the Coastal Migration Theory, and the Peopling of the Americas.” The Journal of Island and Coastal Archaeology, 2.2(2007):  161-174. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15564890701628612

Fagan, Brian. Where We Found a Whalea History of the Lake Clark National Park and Preserve. Washington DC: USDI National Park Service, 2008.

Fitzhugh, William W. Frederica de Laguna (1906-2014): A Biographical Memoir. Washington DC: National Academy of Sciences. 2013. http://www.nasonline.org/publications/biographical-memoirs/memoirs/memoirs-pdfs/de-laguna-frederica.pdf.

Fitzhugh, Ben. “The Origins and Development of Arctic Maritime Adaptations in the Subarctic and Arctic Pacific.” In Friesen, T. Max and Owen K. Mason, eds. The Oxford Handbook of the Prehistoric Arctic. Pp. 253-278. New York:  Oxford University Press, 2016.

Fitzhugh, William and Aron Crowell, eds. Crossroads of Continents: Cultures of Siberia and Alaska. Washington DC:  Smithsonian Institution Press, 1988.

Hough, Walter. The Lamp of the Eskimo. Washington DC, 1898. Google Book Database. 28 Oct. 2012.

Hutchinson, I., and A. L. Crowell. “Recurrence and Extent of Great Earthquakes in Southern Alaska during the Late Holocene: An Integrated Analysis of Radiocarbon Evidence of Crustal Deformation and Village Abandonment.”Radiocarbon 49.3(2007): 1323‐1385.

Klein, Janet R. Archaeology of Kachemak Bay, Alaska. Homer: Kachemak Country Publications, 2002.

Korsun, S.A. and YU. E. Berezkin, eds. The Alutiit/Sugpiat: A Catalog of the Collections of the Kunstkamera. Fairbanks: University of Alaska Press, 2012.

Lantis, Margaret. Alaskan Eskimo Ceremonialism. New York:  American Ethnological Society, 1947.

Lisianskii, Yurii. A Voyage Round the World in 1803, 4, 5, and 6. London. 1814.

Lobdell, John E. Prehistoric Human Populations and Resource Utilization in Kachemak Bay, Gulf of  Alaska. PhD Diss. Knoxville: University of Tennessee, 1980.

Mann, Daniel H., Aron L. Crowell, Thomas D. Hamilton and Bruce P. Finney. “Holocene Geologic and Climatic History around the Gulf of Alaska.” Arctic Anthropology 35.1(1998): 112-131

Nair, Roshini. “Archeological find affirms Heiltsuk Nation’s oral history.” CBC News, March 30, 2017. Web.

Neyman, Jenny. “Shell shock—Thousands of Ninilchik Clams Wash Up on Beach in Unusual Die-off.” Redoubt Reporter. November 24, 2010.

Potter, Ben A., Charles L. Holmes, and David R. Yesner. “Technology and Economy among the Earliest Prehistoric Foragers in Interior Alaska.” In Graf, Kelly E., Caroline V. Ketron, and Michael R. Waters, eds. Paleoamerican Odyssey. Papers presented at the Paleoamerican Odyssey Conference in Santa Fe, New Mexico in 2013. Pp. 81-105. College Station: Texas A & M University Press, 2014.

Shennan, Ian, Natasha Barlow, and Ed Garrett. “Late Paleoseismology of the Kenai Peninsula and Kachemak Bay Region, Alaska, and Implications for Plate Segmentation.” Unpub. report to U.S. Geological Survey. 20 Dec. 2014.

Simon, James J.K. and Amy F. Steffian. “Cannibalism or Complex Mortuary Behavior? An Analysis of Patterned Variability in the Treatment of Human Remains from the Kachemak Tradition on Kodiak Island.” Bray, T.L., and T. Killion, eds. Reckoning with the Dead: the Larsen Bay Repatriation and the Smithsonian Institution. Pages 75-100. Washington DC:  Smithsonian Institution Press, 1980.

Wiles, Greg C., and P.E. Calkin. “Late Holocene, High-resolution Glacial Chronologies and Climate, Kenai Mountains, Alaska.” Geological Society of America Bulletin 106(1994):  281-303.

—., David J. Barclay, Parker E. Calkin, and Thomas V. Lowell. “Century of Millennial-scale Temperature Variations for the Last Two Thousand Years Indicated from Glacial Geologic Records of Southern Alaska.” Global and Planetary Change 60(2008):  115–125.

—., Rosanne D’Arrigo, Ricardo Villalba, and David C. Barclay. “Century-scale Solar Variability and Alaskan Temperature Change over the Past Millennium. Geophysical Research Letters 31(2004):  L15203.

Workman, William B. “Continuity and Change in the Prehistoric Record from Southern Alaska.” Senri Ethnological Series4(1980):  49-101.

—. “Life and Death in a First Millennium AD Gulf of Alaska Culture: the Kachemak Tradition Ceremonial Complex.” In Goldsmith, S., S. Garvie, D. Selin, and J. Smiths, eds. Proceedings of the 23rd Annual Chacmool ConferenceAncient Images, Ancient Thought: The Archaeology of Ideology. Pages 19-25. Calgary: University of Calgary Archaeological Association, 1980.

—. 1998. “Archaeology of the Southern Kenai Peninsula.” Arctic Anthropology35.1(1998):  146–159.

—., John E. Lobdell, and Karen W. Workman. “Recent Archaeological Work in Kachemak Bay, Gulf of Alaska.” Arctic 33.3(1980):  385–399.

—., and Karen W. Workman. “The End of the Kachemak Tradition on the Kenai Peninsula, Southcentral Alaska.” Arctic Anthropology 47.2(2010):  90–96.

Yesner David R. “Evolution of Subsistence in the Kachemak Tradition: Evaluating the North Pacific Maritime Stability Model.” Arctic Anthropology 29.2(1992): 167–181.

—. “Origins and Development of Maritime Adaptations in the Northwest Pacific Region of North America: A Zooarchaeological Perspective.” Arctic Anthropology 35.1(1998): 204-222. 

Part III. Fugitive Resources

Chapter 5: Chasing Abundance
Bean, Tarleton. Seal and Salmon Fisheries and General Resources of Alaska: Reports from 1880. Vol. 4. Washington DC:  GPO, 1898.

Finley, Carmel. All the Fish in the Sea: Maximum Sustainable Yield and the Failure of Fisheries Management. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2011.

Flagg, Loren. “Hammond Chooses Fish Over Oil in Bay.” Homer News. Page 5. May 12, 2016.

Gaichas, Sarah K. “Development and application of ecosystem models to support fishery sustainability:  A case study for the Gulf of Alaska.” PhD Diss. Seattle:  University of Washington, 2006.

Glavin, Terry. The Last Great Sea: A Voyage through the Human and Natural History of the North Pacific Ocean. Vancouver, BC:  Graystone Books and David Suzuki Foundation, 2000.

Otis, Ted, Lower Cook Inlet Area Finfish Research Biologist, ADFG, Homer, AK. Pers. Comm., email, May 11, 2017.

Petroff, Ivan. Report on the Population, Industries, and Resources of Alaska. Seal and Salmon Fisheries and General Resources of Alaska, Vol. IV. Pages 165-450. Washington DC: GPO, 1881.

—. Alaska: Its Population, Industries, and Resources. Tenth Census of the United States, Vol. 8. Washington DC: GPO, 1884.

Wennekens, M. P., Lance L. Trasky, David C. Burbank, F. F. Wright and Richard J Rosenthal. Kachemak Bay: A status report. Anchorage: Alaska Department of Fish and Game, Habitat Division, 1975.

Chapter 6:  The Scotch Cure
Carlson, H. Richard. Herring Management in the Gulf of Alaska – A Historic Overview. Melteff B.R., and V.G. Wespestad, eds. Proceedings of the Alaska Herring Symposium, February 19-21, 1980, Anchorage, Alaska. Alaska Sea Grant Report 80-4. Pages 63-68. Fairbanks: Alaska Sea Grant. National Sea Grant Library Database. http://nsgl.gso.uri.edu/aku/akuw80001/akuw80001_part2.pdf. 1980.

Higgins, Elmer. “Alaska Herring Fisheries.” In Coker, Robert Ervin, comp. Progress in Biological Inquiries: Report of the Division of Scientific Inquiry for the Years 1920-1924, ’26-’28, ’32, Volumes 895-899. pp. 647. Washington DC:  GPO, 1928.

Orth, Franklin I., James R. Wilson, James A. Richardson and Sandra M. Piddle. “History of the Herring Fishery.” Pp. 157-163 and “Harvesting and Processing of Herring” pp. 185-205 In Market Structure of the Alaskan Seafood Processing Industry, Volume II, Finfish. Fairbanks, AK; Alaska Sea Grant. Report 78-14. 1981.

Rounsefell, George A. “Contribution to the Biology of the Pacific Herring, Clupea Pallasii, and the Condition of the Fishery in Alaska.” Pages 227-320. Washington DC: U.S. Bureau of Fisheries. Bulletin No. 45. 1930.

Sherwood, Morgan. Letter referenced in Springer, Susan Woodward. Seldovia, Alaska: An Historical Portrait of Life in Zaliv Seldevoe-Herring Bay. Littleton:  Blue Willow Press, 1998.

Skud, Bernard Einar. Revised Estimates of Halibut Abundance and the Thompson-Burkenroad Debate. Report No. 6. Seattle: International Pacific Halibut Commission, 1975.

Springer, Susan Woodward. Seldovia, Alaska: An Historical Portrait of Life in Zaliv Seldevoe-Herring Bay. Littleton: Blue Willow Press, 1998.

U.S. Bureau of Fisheries. Alaska Fishery and Fur-Seal Industries, annual issues. In Cook, Linda and Frank Norris. A Stern and Rockbound Coast:  Kenai Fjords National Park Historic Resource Study. Anchorage, AK:  National Park Service, 1998.

Chapter 7:  We All Live in Homer for the Halibut
Anderson, Paul J. and John F. Piatt. “Community Reorganization in the Gulf of Alaska Following Ocean Climate Regime Shift.” Marine Ecology Progress Series. 189(1999):  117-123.

Atkinson, Clinton, E. “Fisheries Management: An Historical Overview.” Mar. Fisheries Review 50.4(1988):  111-123.

Boeing, Wiebke J., Martin, Michael H., and Janet T. Duffy-Anderson. “Groundfish.” Chapter 4.6 in Spies, Robert B., ed. Long-Term Ecological Change in the Northern Gulf of Alaska. Pp. 300-311. Amsterdam:  Elsevier, 2007.

Clark, William G., and Steven R. Hare. “Effects of Climate and Stock Size on Recruitment and Growth of Pacific Halibut.” North American Journal of Fisheries Management 22.3(2002):

Dunn, J. Richard. “William Francis Thompson (1888-1965) and His Pioneering Studies of the Pacific Halibut, Hippoglossus stenolepis.” Marine Fisheries Review Vol. 63.2(2001):  5-14.

Finley, Carmel. All the Fish in the Sea: Maximum Sustainable Yield and the failure of fisheries management. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 2011.

Kruse, G., J. Sullivan, J, S. Martell, K. Holsman, B. Leaman, K. Aydin and B. Miller. Fishery, Climate, and Ecological Effects on Pacific Halibut Size-at-age. North Pacific Research Board Project 1309 Final Report. 2016.

—. “Causes in Decline in Halibut Size at Age. Presentation to the advisory board of the Pollock Conservation Cooperative Research Center (PCCRC), Anchorage, AK. January 27, 2017.
Lehodeya, P., J. Alheitb, M. Barangec, T. Baumgartnerd, G. Beaugrande, K. Drinkwaterf, J.-M. Fromenting, et. al. “Climate Variability, Fish, and Fisheries.” Journal of Climate 19(20):  5009-5030. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JCLI3898.1 October, 2006.

Meyer, Scott. “Changes Coming for Alaska’s Charter Halibut Fishery,” Alaska Fish and Wildlife News: October, 2010. Alaska Department of Fish and Game. Web published.

NOAA. Alaska Groundfish Harvest Specifications Final Environmental Impact Statement. 2007.

Piatt, John F., and Ann M.A. Harding. “Population Ecology of Seabirds in Cook Inlet.” Chapter 4.8 in Spies, Robert B., ed. Long-Term Ecological Change in the Northern Gulf of Alaska. Pp. 335-352. Amsterdam:  Elsevier, 2007.

Skud, Bernard Einar. Revised Estimates of Halibut Abundance and the Thompson-Burkenroad Debate. Seattle:  International Fisheries Commission Scientific Report No. 56. 1975.

Sullivan, Jane Y., Steven Martell, and Gordon Kruse. “Can Fishing Explain Declines in Size-at-Age of Pacific Halibut?” Presentation by Jane Sullivan at Alaska Marine Science Symposium, Anchorage, AK, January, 2016.

—. “Spatial and Temporal Trends in Growth and Size-at-Age of Pacific halibut Related to Environmental and Ecological Variability in the North Pacific Ocean.” Presentation at Lowell Wakefield Symposium, Anchorage, AK, May, 2017. Proceedings in press.
—. “IPHC Sets 2017 Halibut Harvest, Adopts Charter Rules and Allocations.” Alaska Journal of Commerce, January 27, 2017. Web.

Thistle, J.R. Seachange: An Environmental History of the Pacific Halibut Fishery, 1878-1960. Master’s Thesis. Vancouver: UBC, 2002.

Thompson, W.F. “Conservation of the Pacific Halibut: An International Experiment.” In Annual Report of the Smithsonian Institution, 1935. Washington: GPO, 1935.

–. Theory of the Effect of Fishing on the Stock of Halibut. Report No. 12 of the International Fisheries Commission. Seattle: IFC, 1937.

–. “The Problem of the Halibut.” In Report of the Commissioner of Fisheries for the Year Ending December 31, 1915. Pages 130-140. Victoria, BC: Province of British Columbia, 1916.

–., and Norman L. Freeman. History of the Pacific Halibut Fishery. Report No. 5 of the International Fisheries Commission. Vancouver: Wrigley Printing Co., 1930.

Tillion, Diana. Guardians of the Great North Pacific Casino. Vantage Press, 1999.

Chapter 8:  The Silver Horde
Adkison, Milo D. and Bruce R. Finney. “The Long-term Outlook for Salmon Returns to Alaska.” Alaska Fishery Research Bulletin 10.2(2003):  83-94.

Alaska Department of Fish and Game. Commercial Fisheries Harvests and Ex Vessel Values report. Updated annually. http://www.adfg.alaska.gov/index.cfm?adfg=commercialbyfisherysalmon.salmoncatch

—. Kachemak Bay. Southcentral Region Recreational Fishing Series. Division of Sport Fish, Alaska Department of Fish and Game, 2009.

—. Salmon Harvest Forecast. Updated annually. http://www.adfg.alaska.gov/index.cfm?adfg=commercialbyfisherysalmon.salmonforecast

Anonymous. “Trout Unlimited indicts Alaska salmon hatcheries.” Fly Fisherman 33.5(July, 2002): 12-16. www.flyfisherman.com/AkHatcheries.pdf

Atkinson, Clinton, E. “Fisheries Management: An historical overview.” Mar. Fisheries Review 50.4(1988):  111-123.

Bean, Tarleton. Seal and Salmon Fisheries and General Resources of Alaska: Reports from 1880. Vol. 4. Washington, D.C, 1898.

Boraas, Alan. “Dena’ina Origins and Prehistory.” In Karen K. Gaul, comp. Nanutset ch’u Q’udi Gu: Before Our Time and Now: An Ethnohistory of Lake Clark National Park. Anchorage:  USDI National Park Service, Lake Clark National Park and Preserve, 2007.

—. Salmon, Kenai River and Climate Change and the Pre-Contact Dena’ina. PowerPoint presentation. Posted to web. Southcentral EPSCOR project.http://southcentral.epscor.alaska.edu

Cook Inlet Aquaculture Association. “Enhancing the China Poot salmon fishery.” SMOLTS 73(Spring/Summer, 2014): 1, 4.

–.  2015 Annual Report. Kenai: CIAA, 2016.

Colt, Steve. Salmon Fish Traps in Alaska: An economic history perspective. ISER Working Paper 2000.2. Web. 2000.

Cooley, Richard. Politics and Conservation: The decline of Alaska salmon. New York: Harper & Row, 1963.

Crutchfield, James A., and Giulio Pontecorvo. The Pacific Salmon Fisheries: A study of irrational conservation. Baltimore:  John Hopkins Press, 1969.

Earl, Elizabeth. “Hatcheries make up one-third of 2015 salmon harvest.” Alaska Journal. April 6, 2016.

Environment and Natural Resources Institute. Evaluating Alaska’s Ocean-Ranching Salmon Hatcheries: Biologic and management issues. Anchorage: University of Alaska Anchorage, 2002.

Finney, Bruce P., Irene Gregory-Eaves, Marianne S.V. Douglas, and John P Smol. “Fisheries productivity in the northeastern Pacific Ocean over the past 2,200 years.” Nature 416:  729-733.

Fitzhugh, Ben. The Evolution of Complex Hunter-Gatherers: Archaeological Evidence from the North Pacific. New York:  Kluwer Academic/Plenum Press, 2003.

—. “The Origins and Development of Arctic Maritime Adaptations in the Subarctic and Arctic Pacific.” Pp. 253-278 In Friesen, T. Max and Owen K. Mason, Eds. The Oxford Handbook of the Prehistoric Arctic. Pages 253-278. New York:  Oxford University Press, 2016.

Fry, Cristy. “2016 proved to be mixed for fisheries.” Homer News. Page 1-2. December 29, 2016.

Gregory-Eaves, Irene. “Changes in Sockeye Populations over the Past 2,200 Years: Inferences from Lake Sediments. PowerPoint presentation at The Future of Alaska’s Salmon Returns Conference, UAA, Anchorage, AK, April 21, 2003.

Hollowell, Glenn, Edward O. Otis, and Ethan Ford. 2015 Lower Cook Inlet Area Finfish Management Report. Fishery Management Report No. 16-19. Juneau: Alaska Department of Fish and Game, 2016.

Hare, S.R., and R. C. Francis. “Climate Change and Salmon Production in the Northeast Pacific Ocean,” In Beamish, R.J., ed. Climate Change and Northern Fish Populations. Can. Spec. Publ. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 121:  357-372. Ottawa: National Research Council of Canada, 1995.

Hilborn, Ray and Doug Eggers. “A Review of the Hatchery Programs for Pink Salmon in Prince William Sound and Kodiak Island, Alaska.” Trans. of the American Fisheries Society 129(2000):  333-350.

Johnson, Terry. “Climate Change and Alaska Fisheries.” Alaska Sea Grant. http://doi.org/10.4027/ccaf.2016. 2016.

Jordan, David Starr. “How to Protect Salmon: Dr. Jordan Tells on His Return from Alaska.” Morning Oregonian. Page 12. July 27, 1903. http://oregonnews.uoregon.edu/lccn/sn83025138/1903-07-27/ed-1/seq-12/

King, Robert W. Sustaining Alaska’s Fisheries: Fifty years of statehood. Juneau:  Alaska Department of Fish and Game, 2009.

Kohl, Patricia. “Caches a Traditional Method of Storing Fish: Old Cold Storage.” Peninsula Clarion. October 20, 2006.

Kyle, Gary B. “Nutrient Treatment of Three Coastal Alaskan Lakes: Trophic Level Responses and Sockeye Population Levels.” Alaska Fisheries Research Bulletin1.2(1994):  153-167.

Lehodeya, P.,  J. Alheitb, M. Barangec, T. Baumgartnerd, G. Beaugrande, K. Drinkwater, J.-M. Fromenting, et. al. “Climate Variability, Fish, and Fisheries.” Journal of Climate 19(20):  5009-5030. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JCLI3898.1. October, 2006.

Lewis, Bert. A Review of Long-Term Lake Fertilization Projects in South Central Alaska FRED’s Legacy. Juneau:  Alaska Department of Fish and Game, 2011.

Lisianskii, Yurii. A Voyage Round the World in 1803, 4, 5, and 6. London, 1814.

Loring, P.A., S.C. Gerlach and H.L. Harrison. “Seafood as Local Food: Food Security and the Role of Salmon Fisheries on Alaska’s Kenai Peninsula.” Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development. [online first] doi:10.5304/jafscd.2013.033.006. 2013.

Mantua, Nathan. “El Nino, Climate Change, and Alaska Salmon Production.” PowerPoint presentation at The Future of Alaska’s Salmon Returns Conference, UAA, Anchorage, AK, April 21, 2003.

—., S.R. Hare, Y. Zhang, J.M. Wallace, and R.C. Francis. “A Pacific Interdecadal Climate Oscillation with Impacts on Salmon Production. Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 78.6(1997): 1069-1079.

Mueter, Franz Z., Randall M. Peterman and Brian J. Pyper. “Opposite Effects of Ocean Temperature on the Survival of 120 Stocks of Pacific Salmon (Onchorynchus spp.) in Northern and Southern Areas.” Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 59(2002): 456-463.

Qhi, Yuxue and Masahide Kaeriyama. “Recent Production Trends of Chum Salmon (Onchorynchus keta) Under Conditions of a Warming Climate.” North Pac. Anadromous Fish Commission. Tech. Rept. No. 8:  113-116. 2012.

Rogers, Lauren A. “Using the Blob to Study Recruitment Processes in Walleye Pollock.” Presentation at Lowell Wakefield Symposium, Anchorage, AK, May 9, 2017. Proceedings in press.

Stone, Livingston. Address to the American Fisheries Society in New York City, 1892. In G.T. Ferris. “The Devastation of Animal Life.” Our Animal Friends: An Illustrated Monthly Magazine. 21(1893):  55.

Summers, D.J. “Recent Trend of Small Sockeye Continues at Copper River.” Alaska Journal of Commerce. May 26, 2016.

Springer, Alan M. and Gus B. van Vliet. “Climate Change, Pink Salmon, and the Nexus between Bottom-up and Top-down Forcing in the Subarctic Pacific Ocean and Bering Sea. PNAS  111.18(March 31, 2014):  E1880-E1888, doi:  10.1073/pnas.1319089111. Published online March 31, 2014. http://www.pnas.org/content/111/18/E1880

Tingle, George. Report on the Salmon Fisheries of Alaska. Washington DC: GPO, 1897.

Welch, Laine. “No Dull Moments for Alaska Fishing Industry in 2014.” Alaska Journal of Commerce. Page 7. January 11, 2015.

Wertheimer, Alex C., William R. Heard, J. M. Maselko, and William W. Smoker. “Relationship of Size at Return with Environmental Variation, Hatchery Production and Productivity of Wild Pink Salmon in Prince William Sound, Alaska: Does Size Matter?” Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 14(2004):  321-334.

West, Cathryn, S. Wischniowski, and C. Johnston. 2011. “Little Ice Age Climate: Gadus macrocephalus Otoliths as a Measure of Local Variability.” The Archaeology of North Pacific Fisheries. Madonna Moss and Aubrey Cannon, eds. Pages 31-44. Fairbanks: University of Alaska Press, 2011.

Wickersham, James. “Slaughter of ‘the Silver Horde’:  How Salmon are Being Driven from the Waters of Alaska-Huge Profits for the Packers, but not a Penny for the People.” American Conservation 1.7(August, 1911): 243-252.

Chapter 9: A Meditation on the Ecosystem
Anderson, Paul J. and John F. Piatt. “Community Reorganization in the Gulf of Alaska Following Ocean Climate Regime Shift.” Marine Ecology Progress Series189(1999):  117-123.

Anonymous. “Study Details How Timing of Phytoplankton Blooms off Alaska, B.C. Tied to Salmon Productivity.” Columbia Basin Bulletin. February 6, 2015. http://www.cbbulletin.colm/433107.aspp.

—. “Gulf of Alaska Whale Deaths ‘Unusual Mortality event.’” Fisherman’s News. October, 2015. Page 23.

Armstrong, Michael.  “2015: Weirdest Year Ever? Abnormal May Be the New Normal.” Homer News. December 31, 2015. Pages 3, 6.

—. “Dead Murres Pile Up on Beach.” Homer News. January 7, 2016. Page 1, 7.

—. “More Otters Washing Up; Cause Remains Unknown.” Homer News. November 19, 2015. Page 1, 6. www.fishermensnews.com

Atkinson, Shannon, Anne Hoover-Miller, Janet Duffy-Anderson, Elizabeth Logerwell, Lauren Rogers, Matthew Wilson and John Piatt. “A Perfect Storm in the Gulf of Alaska: Factors Contributing to the 2015-2016 Common Murre Die-off.” Presentation by Shannon Atkinson at the Alaska Marine Science Symposium, Anchorage, AK. January 24, 2017.

Bond, Nicolas. “The Recent Marine Heat Wave in Alaska: A Dress Rehearsal for Climate Change?” Keynote presentation, Alaska Marine Science Symposium, Anchorage, AK. January 23, 2017.

—., Meghan F. Cronin, Howard Freeland and Nathan Mantua. “Causes and Impacts of the 2014 Warm Anomaly in the NE Pacific.” Geophysical Research Letters 42: 3414–3420. doi: 10.1002/2015GL063306. Web published May 5, 2015.

Danielson, Seth. “The Blob May Be Dissipating, But Its Impacts are Still Evident.” Posted to Web, April 26, 2016. https://alaskapacificblob.wordpress.com

Gaichas, Sarah K. Development and Application of Ecosystem Models to Support Fishery Sustainability:  A Case Study for the Gulf of Alaska. PhD Diss. Seattle: University of Washington, 2006.

–., Kerim Y. Aydin, and Robert C. Francis. “What Drives Dynamics in the Gulf of Alaska? Integrating Hypotheses of Species, Fishing, and Climate Relationships Using Ecosystem Modeling.” Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 68.9(August, 2011): 1553-1578. 10.1139/f2011-080. Published on the web 31 August 2011.

Hare, S.R., A.B. Hollowed and W.S. Wooster. “Effects of Interdecadal Climate Variability on the Oceanic Ecosystems of the NE Pacific. Fish. Oceanogr.7.1(1998): 1-21.

Hare S.R. and N.J. Mantua. “Empirical evidence for North Pacific Regime shifts in 1977 and 1989.” Prog. Oceanogr. 47.2–4(2000): 103-145.

Holderied, Kris, Rob Campbell and Tom Weingartner. “Linking Warm Temperature Anomalies Between Nearshore and Shelf Waters in the Gulf of Alaska.” Unpub. report. Gulf Watch Alaska project. 2016.

Hollander, Zaz. “Stranded Seabirds Crowd Alaska Rescue Center.” Homer Tribune. January 9, 2016. Page 13.

Hopcroft, Russ. “Twenty Years of Observations Along the Gulf of Alaska’s Seward Line:  Impact of Continued Warm Conditions.” Presentation at Kodiak Area Marine Science Symposium. April 19, 2017.

Joling, Dan. “Warm Ocean Water Triggered Vast Seabird Die-off, Experts Say.” AP story. CBC News North. February 10, 2017.

Johnson, Terry. Climate Change and Alaska Fisheries. Alaska Sea Grant. http://doi.org/10.4027/ccaf.2016. 2016.

Knapp, Gunnar, Patricia Livingston and Al Tyler. “Human Effects of Climate-related Changes in Alaska Commercial Fisheries.” Bering Sea Impact Study (BESIS) Fisheries Report. 1998 http://www.besis.uaf.edu/besis-oct98-report/Fisheries.pdf

Mantua, Nate. “PDO Index for 1900–2017.” (updated annually). http://jisao.washington.edu/pdo .

Morton, John. “Early Evidence of Climate-induced Ecological Transformation on the Kenai Peninsula: Is There a Need to Respond?” ACCAP webinar presentation, May 3, 2016. https://accap.uaf.edu/sites/default/files/Kenai_Ecological_Transformation.pdf

North Pacific Marine Science Organization. “Fisheries and Ecosystem Responses to Recent Regime Shifts in the North Pacific.” PICES Advisory Report on Fisheries and Ecosystem Responses to Recent Regime Shifts. Sydney, Canada: North Pacific Marine Science Organization, 2005.

Osgood, Cornelius. The Ethnography of the Tanaina. Publications in Anthropology Number 16. Reprinted from 1933 edition. New Haven: Yale University, 1976.

Peterson, William T. and Franklin B. Schwing. “A New Climate Regime in Northeast Pacific Ecosystems.” Geophysical Research Letters 30.17(2003): 6-1- 6-4.

Restino, Carey. “Aleutian Tern Numbers Take a Dive: Murres also abandon nesting in the Gulf of Alaska.” Homer Tribune. September 1, 2016. Pages 1-2.

__________. “Otters Likely Dead from Strep Complications.” Homer Tribune. Pages 1, 8.

Rosen, Yereth. “As Water Temperatures Rise, Some Fish are Breeding Earlier – and More Often.” Alaska Dispatch News. January 29, 2017.

–. “Alaska Murre Die-off Led to Reproductive Failure of Survivors.” Alaska Dispatch News. May 1, 2017.

Spies, Robert B., editor. Long-Term Ecological Change in the Northern Gulf of Alaska. Amsterdam: Elsevier. 2007.

Thoman, Rick. “The Pacific Ocean and Alaska’s Climate.” Alaska Climate Dispatch. Winter, 2015-2016. Fairbanks, AK: ACCAP.

Trainer, Vera L. “Note from NOAA: Tracking and Charting Algal Blooms.” Fisherman’s News, October, 2015. Page 5.

Part IV. The Ecology of Desire

Chapter 10. Tidepooling to the Stars
Campbell, Joseph. A Hero’s JourneyJoseph Campbell on His Life and Work. San Francisco:  Stuart L Brown, 1990.

Cohen, Roger. “The Last Jew in Zagare.” New York Times. November 7, 2011.

Hedgpeth, Joel W., ed. The Outer Shores. Part 1. Ed Ricketts and John Steinbeck Explore the Pacific Coast. Part 2. Breaking Through. Eureka, CA: Mad River Press, 1978.

—. “Science Studies the Sardine: Mysterious Disappearance Focuses Attention on Woeful Lack of Information Regarding Billion Dollar Fish.” Monterey Peninsula Herald. 12th Annual Sardine Edition, March 7, 1947. Pages 1,3

—. and Jack Calvin. Between Pacific Tides. First Edition. Stanford, CA:  Stanford University Press, 1939.

—. Between Pacific Tides. Revised by Joel W. Hedgpeth. Foreward by John Steinbeck. Third Edition. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1952.

Steinbeck, John. Cannery Row. Penguin Books. 1993 edition. New York:  Penguin Books. First published in 1945.

—. Sweet Thursday. Penguin Books. 2008 edition. New York:  Penguin Books. First published 1954.

—. The Log from the Sea of Cortez. 1995 edition. New York:  Penguin Books. First published in 1951.

Stott, Rebecca. Darwin and the Barnacle: The Story of One Tiny Creature and History’s Most Spectacular Scientific  Breakthrough. New York: W.W.Norton & Company, 2003.

Straley, Janice M., comp. Ed Ricketts from Cannery Row to Sitka, Alaska: Science, history, and Reflections along the Pacific Coast. Juneau:  Shorefast Publications, 2015.

Tamm, Eric Enno. 2004. Beyond the Outer Shores: The Untold Odyssey of Ed Ricketts, the Pioneering Ecologist Who Inspired John Steinbeck and Joseph Campbell. New York: Thunder Mountain Press, 2004.

Chapter 11. Tangles
Betts, Matthew W., Herbert D.G. Maschner and Veronica Lech. “A 4500-year Time-series of Otariid Abundance on Sanak Island, Western Gulf of Alaska. In Braje, Todd J. and Torben C. Rick, eds. Human Impacts on Seals, Sea Lions, and Sea Otters:  Integrating Archaeology and Ecology in the Northeast Pacific. Pages 111-128. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2011.

Corbett, Debra G., et al. “Aleut Hunters, Sea Otters, and Sea Cows:  Three thousand years of Interactions in the Western Aleutian Islands, Alaska.” Human Impacts on Ancient Marine Ecosystems: A Global Perspective. Eds. Torben C. Rick and John M. Erlandson. Pages 41-75. Berkeley: University of California Press. 2008.

Estes, James, A. and D.O. Duggins. 1995. “Sea Otters and Kelp Forests in Alaska:  Generality and variation in a community ecological paradigm.” Ecological Monographs 65(1995): 75-100.

—. and J.F. Palmisano. “Sea Otters:  Their role in structuring nearshore communities. Science 185(1974): 1058.

—.  “Sea Otter Predation and Community Organization in the Western Aleutian Islands, Alaska.” Ecology 59(1978):  822–833.

Jones, Robert D. Traditional Use of Sea Otters by Alaskan Natives: a Literature Review. Anchorage:  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 1985.

Oleksa, Reverend Michael. Another Culture, Another World. Juneau: Association of Alaska School Boards, 2005.

Palmisano, J. F. “Sea Otter Predation:  Its role in structuring rocky intertidal communities in the Aleutian Islands, Alaska, USA.” Acta Zoologica Fennica. 174(1983):  209-211.

Robert-Lamblin, Joelle. “The Aleut Kayak As Seen By Its Builder And User And The Sea Otter Hunt.”  Unpublished English translation. Original Article “Le kayak aléoute vu par son constructeur et utilisateur et la chasse à la loutre de mer.” Objets et Mondes, Tome 20, Fascicule 1, La Revue Du Musée de L’homme, Mus. Nat. d’Histoire Naturelle.  Library, Canadian Museum of Civilization, Ottawa. 1980.

Simenstad, Charles A., James A. Estes, and Karl W. Kenyon. “Aleuts, Sea Otters, and Alternate Stable State Communities.” Science New Series2000.4340(1978):  403-411.

Steller, Georg. “Steller’s account of the sea otter.” Pages 210-218, reprinted in The Early History of the Fur Seal: The Beasts of the Sea. Department of the Treasury, Commission on Fur-seal Investigation. Washington DC:  GPO, 1899.

Waxell, S. American Expedition. M.A. Michael, trans. Edinburgh:  William Hodge. 1952. Quotation in Gibson, James R. De Bestis Marinus:  Steller’s sea cow and Russian Expansion from Siberia to America. Pages 1741-1768. http://www.booksite.ru/fulltext/russ_america/04_11.html

Chapter 12. Fur

Bancroft, Hubert Howe. The Works of Hubert Howe Bancroft: History of Alaska: 1730-1885. San Francisco: A.L. Bancroft & Company, Publishers, 1886.

Black, Lydia T. Russians in Alaska: 1732-1867. Fairbanks: University of Alaska Press, 2004.

Bodkin, J.L. and B.E. Ballachey. Sea Otter: Enhydra lutris. Restoration Notebook series. Anchorage, AK: Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Trustee Council, 1997.

Cook, L. and F. Norris. A Stern and Rock-Bound Coast: Kenai Fjiords National Park Resource Study. Anchorage, Alaska: National Park Service. 1998.

Donlin, Eric J. Fur, Fortune, and Empire: the Epic History of the Fur Trade in America. New York: W.W. Norton and Company, 2010.

Elliott, Henry W. “The Sea-Otter Fishery.” In Goode, George Brown, ed. The Fisheries and Fish Industries of the United States. Page 485. Washington DC:  GPO, 1887.

—. and Eliott Coues. “The Sea Otter and His Hunting.” A Report Upon the Conditions of Affairs in the Territory of Alaska. Washington DC: GPO, 1875.

Lensink, Calvin J. “Status and Distribution of Sea Otters in Alaska.” J. Mammal. 41.2(1960):  172-182.

—. The History and Status of Sea otters in Alaska. Unpubl. PhD Diss. Lafayette: Purdue Univ., 1962.

Larson, Shawn E., James L. Bodkin and Glenn R. Blaricom. Sea Otter Conservation. USA: Academic Press, 2015.

Luehrmann, Sonja. Alutiiq Villages Under Russian and U.S. Rule. Fairbanks, AK: University of  Alaska Press, 2008.

—. .  The History and Status of Sea otters in Alaska. Unpubl. PhD Diss., Purdue U., 1962.
Miller, Walter and Jennie Emerson Miller, trans. “Steller’s Account of the Sea Otter” in De Bestiis Marinis, (The Beasts of the Sea) in an appendix to Jordan, David Starr, The Fur Seals and Fur-Seal Islands of the North Pacific Ocean. Part 3, pages 179-218. Washington DC: GPO. 1899. First published in Latin, 1751. Digital Commons, Web.

Oleksa, Reverend Michael. Orthodox Alaska: a Theology of Mission. Crestwood: St. Vladimir’s Seminary Press, 1992.

Pinart, Alphonse Louis. Pinart in Alaska. Richard L. Bland and Ann G. Simonds, trans. Unpub. manuscript. 2008.

Chapter 13. Returning
Doroff, Angela.“Assessment of Sea Otter (Enhydra lutris Kenyoni) Diets in Kachemak Bay, Alaska (2008-2010).” IUCN Otter Spec. Group Bulletin29.1(2012).

—. EVOSTC Kachemak Bay Sea Otter Project Report. Unpub. Report. February, 2016.

—. and Oriana Badajos. “Monitoring Survival and Movement Patterns of Sea Otters (Enhydra lutris Kenyoni) in Kachemak Bay, Alaska, August 2007 – April, 2010.” Final Report to Marine Mammals Management, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service” Homer, Alaska: Kachemak Bay Research Reserve, 2010.

Encyclopedia of Life. Canis lupus alces: Kenai Peninsula Wolf. Website. http://eol.org/pages/1268606/details

Franzen, Jonathan. “The End of the End of the World.” New Yorker Magazine, May 23, 2016.

Gill, Verena A., Angela M. Doroff, and Douglas M. Burn. “Aerial Surveys of Sea Otters (Enhydra lutris) in Kachemak Bay, Alaska.” Report to Army Corps of Engineers. Anchorage, AK: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 2008.

Norheim, Ladd. Quoted in “Alaska State Senator Proposes Bounty on Sea Otters.” Anchorage Daily News. February 21, 2013.

Russell, Sir Charles. Proceedings of the Tribunal of Arbitration (Fur Seal Fisheries) Convened at Paris under the Treaty Between the United States and Great Britain Concluded at Washington on February 20, 1892, for the Determination of Questions Between the Two Governments Considering the Jurisdictional Rights of the United States in the Waters of the Bering Sea. 13: 16. Washington DC: GPO, 1895.

Schoch, G. Carl, and Heloise Chenolet. “The Role of Estuarine Hydrodynamics in the Distribution of Kelp Forests in Kachemak Bay, Alaska. Journal of Coastal Research 81.45(2004):  179-194.

Spurkland, Tania, and Katrin Iken. “Kelp Bed Dynamics in Estuarine Environments in Subarctic Alaska.” Journal of Coastal Research. 27.6A(2011): 133 – 143.

Van Blaricom, G.R. and James A. Estes, Eds. The Community Ecology of Sea Otters. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 1988